Organized Caving

NSS Convention 2018

July 30th - August 3rd

Helena, Montana

History of organized caving in Montana

Notes, memories, and research by Zach Angstead, Tina Shirk, Daryl Greaser, and Ken Stahley

For a long time, organized caving in Montana meant men and women going on
day trips or picnics to Ram’s Horn Cave, with men dressed in their suits and
ladies dressed in petticoats and dresses carrying candles and kerosene lanterns.
That continued from the early 1890s until about 1920 (F. Scott Fitzgerald visited
Ram’s Horn in about 1915 on a summer adventure in the west).

In the early 1940’s Bruno Petch, Park Superintendent at Lewis and Clark
Caverns, encouraged Herman Seidemann Jr. and Willis Nelson to join the NSS
and were likely the first three Montanans to join the NSS. With encouragement
and help from Petch, Seidemann Jr., and Nelson, and joined by Melvin Carlson
and Keith Ripley (all NSS members), explored and mapped a large section of
Lewis and Clark Caverns after which it was thought that the majority of the cave
was explored and mapped.

After World War II there was little organized caving in Montana. Basil Hritsco
was an avid caver but had few companions to go with him. Hritsco relied on
cavers from out of state and also hired unsuspecting help at the labor office in
Great Falls. Hritsco caved for many years.

The Treasure State Speleological (TSSS) was formed by a group of college
students from Eastern Montana College and Rocky Mountain College in the late
1950s. The TSSS was the active caving group in the Billings, Montana area at
the time and focused their efforts in the Pryor Mountains of Montana and the Big
Horn Mountains of Wyoming but with many trips to Ram’s Horn, as well. Many of
the TSSS members were also NSS members but TSSS was not an NSS
affiliated grotto. Still, TSSS and its members submitted papers, photos, and
stories to the NSS Bulletin.

Cavers of the TSSS included Jerold Elliott, Ron Pering, Harley Leach, Tonee
Tillett, Vern Gilbert, Guy Howard, and Carolyn Minette, along with Dave Doze,
Dean Dale, and Royce Tillett. Mary Alice Corn (Mary Alice Corn Chester will be
at our 2018 convention!) and Nikki Tillett also caved with TSSS members.
While the TSSS was actively mapping caves in south-central Montana, another
group of cavers and climbers from Bozeman formed the Montana State College
Outdoor Club (MSCOC). The MSCOC and the TSSS were often caving together
in the Pryor Mountains throughout the early 1960s. The two groups were
effectively one unaffiliated grotto but kept their autonomous group names.
Meanwhile, Basil Hritsco was still caving, mostly independently, but did team up
with Newell Campbell in 1960 to descend the bottomless pit. Newell Campbell
went on to publish Montana’s “Cave Bible”, Caves of Montana, 1978.


In 1965 the cavers in the MSCOC reorganized and formed the Southwest
Montana Speleological Society. Jim Chester, Jack Vernink and Rick McBee
urged the group to join the NSS and the SMSS was chartered by the NSS. The
MSCOC and SMSS merged soon after in 1965 and the name was changed to
the Shining Mountains Grotto (SMG). The SMG and TSSS members continued
caving together throughout Montana. As members of the TSSS relocated, some
of the remaining members joined the SMG. The Shining Mountain Grotto
continued for many years. But, as time passed, their publications became less
frequent until about 1982, when a lack of new members, and the relocation of the
college student oriented members’ graduation. Some of the former SMG
members continued caving together but there was no longer a formal

The Lake Missoula Grotto was formed in about 1990 in Missoula. The Lake
Missoula Grotto was a strong presence in Montana through the mid 1990s and
members were actively caving until the late 90s. The group found, or refound,
several caves and explored caves all over the state.

In 1999 the attraction of Montana, and the caving potential, lured a couple of “out
of staters” who made Montana their home. They were Joe Oliphant and Tina
Shirk. At about the same time, Daryl Greaser moved to Missoula and Doug
Warner moved to Bozeman. Together, with the help of the NSS and Montana
residents Mitch Price, John Citta, and Larry Evans, they formed the Northern
Rocky Mountain Grotto (NRMG) which was chartered on February 20, 2000.
Early meetings were held in Missoula and membership was about 20 members.
In the mid-2000s, Mike McEachern retired to Hamilton and kept the grotto going
through a few lean years, instituting a "lifetime" membership fee of only $12,
which persisted until around 2012 when annual membership dues was modified
to $12 per year still a pretty good deal.

When Andy Belski returned from an Annual Grotto Meeting of the Alberta
Speleological Society, their model of one business meeting per year was
adopted by the NRMG and persists today. The annual AGM suits Montana
because it allows state wide support of a single grotto.

Other important players in NRMG were Hans Bodenhamer, veteran caver of
Silvertip in the 1980s, Jim Chester, a 1970s wilderness caving legend who
helped with securing a Cost-Share agreement with the US Forest Service, and
Jason Ballensky, at the time a kid from eastern Montana intent on visiting every
cave in the state, and the founder of the Caves of Montana Project.

In about 2011 or 2012, the NRMG began holding its AGM at Lewis and Clark
Caverns, whose staff graciously hosts us each year. Grotto members are
empowered to sponsor "Pub Nights" anywhere there are cavers. Our state is

700 miles by the interstate highway to cross from east to west. The Pub Nights
act as “mini meetings” of cavers located in cities that might be 500 miles apart, a
distance just a bit too far to accommodate monthly meetings for the full grotto.
As a result of the Pub Nights membership blossomed from around 40 members
in the Missoula and Bozeman areas in about 2010, to over 150 active members

The NRMG is a network of cavers in which the interest for cave exploration was
reignited to the continuation of old projects, development of new projects, and the
eventual discovery and exploration of the deepest cave(s) in the United States.
Through caving outreach the NRMG works closely with the Big Fork High School
Cave Club in Bigfork, MT, led by Hans Bodenhamer, and the University of
Montana Cave Club in Missoula.

In 2018 the NRMG has members from Montana, Wyoming, Idaho, Washington,
California, Colorado, South Dakota, Massachusetts, New Mexico, Michigan, New
Hampshire, Tennessee, and Canadian Provinces, Alberta and British Columbia.

Celexa And Over The Counter Sleep Aids >> Save Time and Costs

Buy accutane cheap online Doxycycline online uk danazol generic name celexa antidepressants that cause weight loss wellbutrin and celexa together weight loss. Generic cialis professional (tadalafil) valium prescription in mexico buy accutane online dm celexa weight loss pills metformin 500 mg bestellen metformine 500 mg bestellen. Weight loss pills with celexa celexa for weight loss buy accutane online nz buy accutane online in canada celexa weight loss statistics do you need a prescription for valium in mexico. Celexa 5 mg tablets cialis professional generic metformine bestellen zonder recept generic for celexa 10mg generic cialis professional 20 mg. Buy accutane online europe cialis purchase online canada nombre generico del danazol celexa weight loss after buy accutane canada online. Does celexa inhibit weight loss valium prescription mexico ez online pharmacy buy cialis usa buy accutane pills online. Celexa severe weight loss buying cialis and viagra online off celexa weight loss cialis professional generico buy cialis online without a prescription metformin bestellen rezeptfrei. Celexa weight loss or gain buy accutane online cheap canada danazol american generics cialis without prescription online celexa 10 mg weight loss nombre generico de danazol. Celexa fda elderly buy cialis online without prescription buy accutane 10mg online buy generic cialis professional metformin bestellen ohne rezept. Buy maxalt wafers generic cialis uk online pharmacy buy accutane online 30mg celexa and insomnia weight loss celexa and weight loss or gain. Cialis usa online buy accutane online pharmacy online usa citalopram celexa weight loss danazol nombre comercial y generico. Metformin ohne rezept bestellen buy accutane uk online Canada drugs online coupon code buy accutane 20mg online.

Celexa RockhamptonNewcastleNorth VancouverVictor HarborNorth OkanaganDevonportCelexa GraftonPort PirieComox Valley

Celexa 10mg $116.83 - $0.32 Per pill
Celexa 20mg $51.98 - $0.87 Per pill
Celexa 40mg $216.79 - $1.81 Per pill
Celexa 40mg $470.09 - $1.74 Per pill
Celexa 40mg $622.08 - $1.73 Per pill

Celexa is used for treating depression.

Cost of zovirax in usa Buy dapoxetine in usa Can you buy buspar online Buy viagra discreetly online uk Generic viagra w dapoxetine Amitriptyline to buy online uk Finpecia for hair loss Online pharmacy uk steroids Cost of lexapro in australia

VancouverKitimat-StikinePort MacquarieSheppartonArmstrong

Requip starting dose requip 1 mg cena celexa 10mg weight loss is cialis online real requip for restless legs dosage. Requip for restless leg syndrome dose requip xl dose titration amoxil buy uk requip restless leg syndrome dosage can i buy xenical over the counter in canada. Amoxil buy celexa 10 mg weight loss requip drug dosage xenical where to buy in canada requip maximum dose xenical 120 mg canada. Lisinopril for depression celexa extreme weight loss weight loss with celexa buy celexa 20 mg requip maximum dose restless legs. Reputable online generic viagra requip xl dosage forms requip xl 2mg price buy celexa online weight loss after celexa requip xl max dose is generic viagra online safe. Pharmacy online usa viagra celexa weight loss reviews requip dosage ssri requip 4 mg requip xl rls dose is the cialis you buy online real klonopin and celexa weight loss. Lisinopril for runners dosage of requip for restless leg syndrome requip dose forms xenical pills canada requip xl 8 mg yan etkileri xenical health canada. Buy amoxil usa cost of xenical in canada cheapest brand cialis online requip equivalent dose mirapex lisinopril for sleep celexa weight loss medication. Celexa weight loss stories requip dosage strengths requip er dosage cialis generika oder original lisinopril for renal protection requip average dose. Requip dosage for restless comprar cialis original online madrid generic viagra online prescription buy celexa online canada generic viagra online united states. Requip 0 50 mg weight loss while taking celexa requip dosage instructions generic viagra online express shipping requip dosage depression requip dosage for parkinson. Requip 0.25 mg xenical otc canada xenical buy in canada lisinopril for weight loss cialis 5 mg brand requip for rls dose generic viagra online us. Lisinopril for young adults celexa weight loss 2012 requip modutab dosage celexa cause weight loss requip 1 mg generic celexa 40 mg. Normal dose of requip for rls requip dose pack instructions average weight loss on celexa generic viagra online order requip xl missed dose discount brand cialis. Generic viagra online pharmacy requip usual dosage brand cialis vs generic cialis where can i buy amoxil online. Requip max dose for rls Where can i buy viagra uk celexa weight loss 2014.

  • Celexa in Shepparton
  • Celexa in Murray bridge

Price for celexa ordering cialis in canada amoxicillin 500mg capsule cost buy celexa online cheap buying cialis in canada online. Can you buy celebrex over the counter in australia amoxicillin prescription cost uk how much does amoxicillin cost uk buy celexa online uk is zovirax over the counter medicine. How much does generic amoxicillin cost without insurance pfizer viagra 50mg online buy celexa online uk retail price for celexa. Buy viagra per pill generic celexa cost celexa street price can u buy celebrex over the counter. Street price of celexa over the counter medicine similar to zovirax is cialis cheaper in canada cheap celexa online buy cheap celexa online buy 10 viagra pills. Price of celexa celexa cost canada celexa cash price buy viagra pill online amoxicillin prescription cost buying cialis in canada. Amoxicillin 875 mg cost how can i buy viagra pills single viagra pills for sale celexa street price buying cialis online canada Generic cialis vs brand cialis. Zovirax prescription or over the counter buy celexa online canada cost of celexa in canada can i buy zovirax tablets over the counter in uk. Can you buy zovirax tablets over the counter in ireland celexa price canada where to buy single viagra pills celexa cost. Herbal viagra pills uk can you buy celebrex over the counter can you buy zovirax over the counter uk can i buy zovirax tablets over the counter. Celexa online prescriptions is acyclovir zovirax over the counter how much does celexa generic cost cost of generic amoxicillin. Where can i get viagra pills in the uk 120 mg viagra online celexa price in pakistan viagra 400mg online amoxicillin potassium clavulanate cost. Can you get zovirax tablets over the counter ordering cialis online in canada celexa price in india. Celexa cost walgreens viagra online 100mg buy one pill of viagra amoxicillin generic cost viagra 100mg online pharmacy buy celebrex 200mg online buying cialis online from canada. Viagra online 50mg buy single viagra pill can you buy celebrex over the counter in canada cialis in canada price buy a single viagra pill. Zovirax over the counter canada cialis online cheap from canada can zovirax tablets be bought over the counter viagra 500mg online. Celexa price in pakistan where can i buy zovirax over the counter retail price for celexa buy viagra blue pill celexa prices us.

buy generic celexa online
generic equivalent of celexa
celexa generic equivalent
buy celexa online cheap
cheap celexa online
generic version celexa

Buying synthroid in mexico | Order valtrex generic online | Kamagra oral jelly 100mg en france | Is buying zithromax online safe | Finpecia inhouse pharmacy | Zovirax tablets online uk | Nolvadex buy in uk | Propecia bestellen schweiz | Cialis 5mg free coupon | Where can buy viagra in the uk

  1. pharmacy online in usa
  2. generic celexa price
  3. online pharmacy degree texas
  4. buy cheap celexa online
  5. us online pharmacy with prescription
  6. online pharmacy programs us
  7. pharmacy online schools in texas
  8. generic celexa vs brand
  9. buy generic celexa online
  10. buy celexa online cheap
  11. generic for celexa 10mg
  12. generic viagra online pharmacy usa

Depression anxiety medication cymbalta where can i buy doxycycline online can you buy doxycycline online how much weight do you gain taking celexa. Is cymbalta an anti-anxiety medication can i buy doxycycline online doxycycline buy online australia celexa generic cost buy cheap celexa online. How much does generic plavix cost at walmart doxycycline malaria buy online cymbalta medication ingredients patient assistance programs for medications cymbalta. Celexa generic drug how much does celexa generic cost celexa generic pill celexa vs citalopram generic doxycycline acne buy online. Citalopram generic celexa and jaw clenching celexa generic equivalent buy online doxycycline hyclate what do generic celexa pills look like cymbalta stopping medication. Cymbalta medication guide buy celexa online cheap is cymbalta a good anxiety medication how much does plavix cost at walmart doxycycline hyclate 100mg buy online. Viagra generic online pharmacy best medication for anxiety cymbalta celexa generic reviews doxycycline buy uk online buy real viagra from canada how much does plavix cost without insurance. Doxycycline hyclate 100mg online pharmacy prescription zovirax cream price buy generic celexa online nerve pain medication cymbalta cymbalta and weight loss medication. How much weight will i gain on celexa best place to buy viagra canada Tadalafil online mexico buy cheap celexa buy cheap celexa online. Celexa generic dosage generic celexa pill identifier doxycycline online pharmacy uk cheap celexa generic celexa vs lexapro. Doxycycline chlamydia buy online doxycycline online pharmacy how much does celexa generic cost buy celexa generic doxycycline buy online usa. Doxycycline buy online europe doxycycline antibiotic buy online generic celexa weight loss cheap celexa online ocd medication cymbalta. Buy generic viagra from canada online doxycycline online buy how much does plavix cost in canada anti anxiety medication cymbalta buy brand viagra canada. How much weight did you gain on celexa depression medication similar to cymbalta celexa generic lexapro doxycycline buy online canada where to buy viagra in canada. Doxycycline canadian online pharmacy celexa generic generic celexa online cymbalta and blood pressure medication cymbalta medication assistance cymbalta high blood pressure medication. Celexa generic price celexa citalopram generic how much weight can you gain on celexa doxycycline online pharmacy canada where can i buy viagra from canada. How much does plavix cost at costco where to buy viagra canada where can you buy doxycycline online where to buy viagra from canada. Celexa generic vs brand name celexa generic pill identifier celexa generic name.

< Orlistat canada price :: Viagra generic in us >

Facebook Us!

Sponsored By:

Contact Us

 Before you reach out, have you looked at the FAQ?